Les membres ETC - Information
Teatri Kombëtar, National Theatre TiranaAdresse : Rr.
Ville : Tirane
Code postal :
Pays : Albanie
Téléphone : 00355 54 52 069
Fax : 00355 4 222 8933
Email : email@example.com
Site Web : www.teatrikombetar.gov.al
The Teatri Kombëtar has joined the ETC in May 2009.
Please visit the theatre's website for more information and its programme.
National Theatre is inaugurated as the first professional albanian theater on 24 my of 1945 in the building where today continues its activity. “The founder show of NTH” was called “Topaz” and it was presented the first by stage-manager “Sokrat Mio”.
At the end of the XIX century, in the period of the National Renaissance was the time when for the first time was talked about theater in Albania. The first presentation documented from archival sources is “ The weeding of Lunxheri” by Koto lloxhi presented in 1874 from the fellows of the normal school of Lunxheri. The first authentic drama is “Besa” by Sami Frasheri - 1875, which although was written in Turkish, it had an Albanian thematic. The first Hall Theater was built in Shkodrain 1890 form Jesuit Order. Till 1908 in archives was told for presentations enacted on the stage mainly by teachers and pedagogues of schools, although lines had an authentic theatrical character. For the first time the theatrical clubs were mentioned in 1908 when show up “Laberia”, Club of Vlora, “Vllaznia” of Shkodra, “Drita” OF Gjirokastra, “Dituria” of Korea, “Aferdita” of Elbasan, and women association ” Ylli i mengjesit”. In 1920-1930 when Tirana was founded as a capital, Theater took a status more institutional. Dramatics of that time except of the patriotic motive became more realistic and was interested also on the social events. This was helped from Foqion Postolis writings, Haki Stermillis etc. The beginning of the ‘40-s is tightly bounded with the theater of National Liberator War. It’s groups of theater were the core of the Professional State Theater and Dramas School created instantly after war. The first actors of the professional theater were Mihal Popi, Gjon Karma, Mihal Stefa, Ndreke Shkjezi, Liza Vorfi, Behije Cela, Ndoc Meshkalla, Hasan Rcci. There were famous actors who came very fast from the amateur motion as, Marie Logoreci, Prokop Mirna, Sander Prosi, Sulejman Pitarka, pjeter Gjoka, Lora Kovaci, Besa Imami, Vjoleta Manushi and the new stage-manager who just got the diploma, Pandi Stillu.
In 1945-1946 albanian state tried to orientate NTH, at least in three directions: ¬providing a repertory of dramas of “socialist realism” by East authors. Except of the repertory with a political influence, were shown up world drama premiers: stage-manager - Gogol- coach S. Mio 1947, Othello - Shakespeare - director A.J.Ricko 1953, “Toka Jone” (Our land) - director P. Stilly 1954, “Familja e Peshkatarit” (Family of fisherman) ¬S. Pitarka director P. Gjoka 1956, “Hal iIi dhe Hajria” (Halili and] Iajria) - K. Jakova director B. Levonja 1950, “Sherbetori i dy zoterinjve” (The servant of two gentlemen) by Goldon director Z. Adri - 1955. In 1956-1965 the theater was mentioned as really professional. It was grown up with qualified stage-makers, directors and actors. We will distinguish that in the repertory of this period were shown up great writings of world dramatics as: “Intrigue and Love” -- Shiler, director M. Luarasi 1957, Hamlet - Shakespeare - 1960, “Over relics” - P. Pacrami - director K. Spahivogli - 1962, “Noble Bourgeois” - Molier director Pandi Stillu - 1963, “Korça’s Carnival” - S. Cornora, director P. Stillu - 1964, “Uncle Vanya” A. Cehov director A. Malo 1964, “King Lear” - Shakespeare director P. Stillu - 1965. In 1965-1972 are distinguished for national drama’s handling as an important element in repertory and the gradual limitation of well known writings of world dramatics.
In the repertory of this period we can distinguish as premier” After Death” and” 14 years old bridegroom” by Cajupi, “Prefect”, by B. Levonja, “ The general of Dead Army” Ismail Kadare, director P. Mani and “Arturo Ui” Brecht director Pirro Mani 1971. In 1972-1985 we can distinguish the far extreme politicization of the repertory of national Theater, the punishment and the expulsion of some of the directors, dramatists and actors as modernists and the diminution of the repertory and premiers. The most successful premiers were:
The person who saw death with his eyes” - V. Eftimiu director Pirro Mani 1974, “ Dead River” - J. Xoxe - director D. Agolli - 1975, “ Madam from city” - R. Pulaha” ~ director A. Qiriaqi - 1975, “Luis Miller” - Schiller, director D. Agolli - 1979, “ The 12-th night “¬Shakespeare director P. Mani 1982. “The Brightness and the falling of comrade Zylo”- D. Agolli director F. Haxhiaj -1983, “ Pro mete” - V. Eftimiu, director P. Mani 1984 , “ The general of Dead Army” director P. Mani - 1985. 1985-1992 arc the last years of dictatorship, till 1990 when it was overturned and we had the beginning of the liberty. At that time we can distinguish a wide foreign repertory, courage to touch taboo themes, the first experiments and unproved virtuosity of forbidden authors. We can mention some premiers: “ Death of a commissioner” - A. miller director F. Haxhiraj -- 1986, “Palace 176” - A. Balashi director A. Bua1joti, A Qesari - 1986, “Romeo and Juliet” - Shakespeare director Dh. Pecani - 1987, “Domestication of contrarin girl” Shakespeare director F. Haxhiraj- 1988, “Who brought Doruntina” - P. Mani director F. Haxhiraj - 1989, “Fear and misery in the third rajh”- Bertolt Brecht director A. Kumbaro - 1990, “Fox and grapes” - G. Figueredo director Dh. Pecani, “ Third Richard” - Shakespeare director A. Qiriaqi - 1992. 1992-2005 are the years of fundamental structural changes in National Theater where are distinguished as occurrences: - the appliance of the last methods of theater, - the absolute holding of the repertory from the foreign lines, mainly comedy and tragicomedy, the slump of the Albanian author lines, - the creation of the space to build private companies. Some of the premiers - “Two gentlemen from Verona” - Shakespeare director Dh. Pccani - 1993, “8 persons plus” F. Radi director F. Radi - 1994, “Fernando Kraft wrote me a letter” T. Dorst, director G. Kame -1994, “Tiranosaur”, K. Trcbeshina director G. Kame¬1995. Don Juan - Moliere director A. Imami - 1996, True Apology of Socrates – Kame & Kabashi - 1997, Quo Vadis - S. Fanku director S. Fanku - 1997, “ The garden with swallows” B. Cikliropulos director K. Londo - 1998, The dream of a winter night” - 1. Kadare director A. Bora - 1999, Man, virtue, animal- L. Pirandello director D. Agolli¬2000, “Enemy of people” H. Ibsen director A. Qiriaqi - 2000, “Utopos” S. Capaliku director R. l.iarja - 2001, “ King is dying” E. Ionesco director A. Bora - 2001, The portrait of Dorian Gray - “0. Wild’ director K. Londo - 2002, “Gummy boat” - M. Luarasi director G. Kame - 2003, “Awning of Forgetfuls” R. Pulaha director M. Luarasi - 2004, “Wood plate” - Morrison director G. Kame - 2005, “ How I overpower Musolin” - drama and presentation H. Mulliqi - 2005.